La idea equivocada sobre Francia de François Hollande

LONDRES– El nuevo presidente de Francia, François Hollande ha logrado una impresionante serie de victorias políticas – tanto en el país como en Europa – desde que fue elegido el pasado mayo. Desafortunadamente, su racha de éxitos conducirá inevitablemente a llevar a cabo un ajuste de cuentas en lo económico que conmocionará a los aparentemente inocentes ciudadanos de Francia y condenará al fracaso al enfoque que tiene la elite francesa sobre la “construcción de Europa”.

Desde que ganó la presidencia, Hollande ha ganado una mayoría parlamentaria y ha empujado a Alemania para que se incline por aceptar responsabilidad compartida por las deudas de los países de la eurozona. Sin embargo, se han generalizado presagios de crisis en los círculos empresariales y económicos franceses.

Pero el peligro real – que puede incluso haber sido subestimado por los críticos más severos de Hollande – no es tanto sus fracasos políticos individuales (a pesar de que pudiesen ser serios) sino que es su abordaje frente a los dos desafíos paralelos que plantean los desequilibrios económicos de Francia y la crisis de la eurozona. En cada frente de forma separada, Hollande podría arreglárselas para salir del paso; pero, ambos desafíos en conjunto probablemente lleguen a solidificar la pérdida de competitividad de Francia.

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