苏丹漏洞百出的国际公正

密切关注达尔富尔动态的人都清楚地知道,在苏丹总统奥马尔·哈桑·巴希尔领导下的政治军事领导人要对该国军队在议会和民兵的帮助下,日复一日在该地区针对苏丹民众犯下的大规模严重罪行承担集体责任。这些民众唯一的过错是从属于三个苏丹部落(即富尔人、马萨利特人和扎加瓦人),这三个部落几年前产生了拿起武器对抗政府的叛乱分子。

因此,任何一次行动,只要其目的是让苏丹领导人为其所犯下的罪行负责,就都应该受到人们的欢迎。但是,国际刑事法院检察官莫雷诺·奥坎波申请逮捕巴希尔的决定却由于三个原因令人备感迷惑。

首先,如果莫雷诺·奥坎波真的希望逮捕巴希尔,他完全可以秘密提出申请,要求国际刑事法院法官签发秘密逮捕令,只有当巴希尔出国旅行时才予以公开。国际刑事法院对达尔富尔罪行的司法管辖权是按照联合国安理会一项有约束力的决策得以确立的,这也就是说即使不是国际刑事法院的缔约国也必须执行法院的授权和命令。在公开申请逮捕令的情况下,巴希尔——假定法官们支持逮捕令——可以干脆以避免出国的方式来逃避被捕。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/XQWEcjG/zh;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now