Финансовая червоточина Европы

БРЮССЕЛЬ – Международный валютный фонд (МВФ) оценивает сегодня риск вероятности дефляции еврозоны в 30%, и цифры роста экономики еврозоны продолжают разочаровывать МВФ. Похоже, что политики попали в ловушку экономических, политических и юридических ограничений, которые не дают возможности проведения эффективных действий для устранения этого положения. Выполнить политические задачи невозможно без экономического роста, но обеспечение роста кажется невозможным без нарушения экономических правил.

Министр финансов Германии Вольфганг Шойбле взял на себя политические обязательства вывести свою страну из сложной финансовой ситуации, чтобы обеспечить, как он это называет, бюджет с «черным нулем». Правительство Франции старается сохранить доверие к обещанным реформам, которые были сделаны в обмен за задержку финансовых корректировок. Италия, страна с одним из наивысших долговых обязательств в еврозоне, имеет мало возможностей в использовании финансовой политики. В то же время Европейский центральный банк (ЕЦБ) ограничен в своих действиях сомнениями о легальности своих схем «направленных валютных операций» (НВО) – закупке облигаций государственных займов, что может привести к перераспределительной финансово-бюджетной политике.

Если все эти критерии указывают на приближение рецессии, то как может Европа добиться восстановления экономики?

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