Борьба с терроризмом демократическим путем

Террористические акты в Лондоне и Турции выдвинули на передний план старое мнение, что авторитарные режимы лучше приспособлены для борьбы с терроризмом, чем демократии, и что террористические удары являются ценой, которую мы платим за свободу. Для некоторых эта цена стоит того, другим она кажется слишком высокой.

Но история свидетельствует о том, что демократии обладают более эффективным оружием для борьбы с терроризмом, чем авторитарные режимы. Действительно, только когда демократические государства забывают о своей этике и оказываются не в состоянии противостоять соблазну авторитаризма, они становятся слабее. 

Конечно, логика, стоящая за призывами ограничить наши свободы, имеет упрощенческую привлекательность: экстремисты используют наши свободы, чтобы совершать свои преступления, таким образом, предотвращение злоупотребления свободами требует их ограничения. Ошибка, однако, заключается в предположении, что открытые общества являются более снисходительными и уязвимыми по отношении к терроризму, чем те, которые живут под властью авторитарных режимов. Стоит только посмотреть на сегодняшнюю Россию или вспомнить Алжир в 1990-х годах.

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