Janet Yellen Brookings Institution/Flickr

美联储如何降低不平等性

纽约—美联储终于这么做了,近十年来第一次升息。这对利差、新兴市场股市、住房需求和其他许多方面的影响是一个争论激烈的话题。但是,在市场不得不应对不太友好的货币政策的同时,也有一个重要的闪光点,这个闪光点大部分人都没有注意到。

自2008年全球金融危机爆发以来,美国收入和财富不平等稳步加剧,但货币政策正常化可能标志着这一趋势结束的开始。事实上,这有助于这一趋势的逆转。

看一看反映现状的令人触目惊心的统计数字。美国实际(经通胀调整的)中位家庭收入和1979年的水平大致相当。皮尤研究中心的最新研究指出,2014年美国人的收入比2000年少4%,并且40多年来第一次出现中产阶级不再占人口大部分的情况。

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