Изгнание последних балканских призраков

В течение следующих нескольких недель мы станем свидетелями того или иного разрешения последних территориальных споров на Балканах, где войны 90-ых гг. завершились вторжением НАТО в Боснию (1995 г.) и Косово (1999 г.).

Несмотря на установление мира, некоторые важнейшие проблемы остались нерешенными. Босния была разделена между мусульманско-хорватской федерацией и Сербской Республикой, центральное правительство обладало незначительными полномочиями, а для сохранения страны требовалось значительное военное (а затем и гражданское) присутствие. Косово стало протекторатом ООН с неясным «окончательным статусом».

Данные нерешенные проблемы сегодня возвращаются: поддерживаемые сербским правительством, сербские лидеры Боснии намереваются добиваться выхода Боснии из состава федерации, как раз в то время, когда ее мусульманские лидеры пытаются усилить власть центральной власти. А албанское население Косово требует независимости, в то время как Сербия пытается оттянуть принятие решения, блокируя процесс в Совете Безопасности.

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