Evadir la evasión fiscal

ALEJANDRÍA, ITALIA – La evasión fiscal es un flagelo global. La economía “negra” ha alcanzado, según algunos cálculos, el 10% del PIB en los países avanzados y puede superar el 70% en los países en desarrollo. Y está empeorando.

La evasión fiscal se combate generalmente de dos formas: con auditorias o con sanciones severas. Pero, como indica la creciente oleada de evasión fiscal, estos mecanismos son sólo un juego del gato y el ratón –y parece que los ratones están ganando.

A medida que la evasión fiscal se hace más generalizada, han aparecido redes completas que ayudan a ocultar los ingresos, lo que dificulta castigar a quienes violan las leyes. Además, debido a que el número de personas que están evadiendo impuestos es mayor, las administraciones fiscales sienten cada vez más presión para ser indulgentes o aceptar sobornos.

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