欧洲例外论

发自巴黎——欧洲经济和货币联盟的创立在主权国家的历史上是非常独特的。欧元区构建了一个全新形式的“国家社会”,超越了传统威斯特伐利亚式的主权国家概念。

就像一个社会中的个体,欧元区成员国之间既相互独立,又相互依存。它们可以对彼此产生积极和消极两方面的影响。欧元区的良好治理需要各成员国以及欧盟各机构履行其职责。最重要的是,经济和货币联盟如同它的字面意思:两个联盟,一个经济的,一个货币的。

欧洲的货币联盟迄今为止运作得非常良好。自1999年欧元发行以来,17个欧盟成员国及3.32亿人民一直享受着稳定的物价,其年通货膨胀率仅为2.03%,比德国1955到1999年间的记录更为优秀。此外自1999年以来欧元区还创造了1450万个新就业岗位,而同期美国只创造了850万到900万个新工作机会。这并不是说欧洲就没有严重的失业问题;但欧洲在这方面也没有明显的劣势:所有先进经济体都必须能创造新的就业机会。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/NbsH8HT/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.