Европа без Турции

АМСТЕРДАМ. Большинство европейских граждан (например, более 60 процентов во Франции и Германии) считают, что Турция не должна стать частью Евросоюза. Такие предположения имеют различные причины ‑ некоторые обоснованы, а некоторые основаны на предубеждении. Турция слишком большая; турецкие рабочие-мигранты могут наводнить другие страны-члены Евросоюза; в Турции имеются нарушения прав человека; Турция подавляет курдов; Турция не решила свои проблемы с Грецией относительно Кипра.

Однако основная причина, вне всякого сомнения, заключается в том, что Турция является мусульманской страной, которой руководит мусульманская партия, и она считается слишком иностранной. Другими словами, как сказал бывший президент Франции Валери Жискар д’Эстен, один из авторов конституции Евросоюза, «Турция ‑ это не европейская страна».

Это сложно понять представителям светской прозападной турецкой элиты, которая потратила целые десятилетия, если не больше, в попытках доказать свои добрые намерения относительно вступления в Евросоюз. Как один высокообразованный турок, который работал в международной организации, сказал мне недавно: «Мы играем с вами в футбол, вместе поем песни на телевидении, делаем с вами бизнес, улучшаем права человека у нас в стране и демократизируем нашу политику. Мы делаем все, что вы просите, а вы все еще не хотите нашего присоединения».

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