Paul Lachine

欧洲的军事不公

伦敦-对由在必要的时候向需要安全保障的地区派出军队和提供武器装备的费用所引起的财政问题,欧洲各国都觉得非常头痛。事实上,欧洲各国的财政部都面临着将捉襟见肘的国家预算中多大一部分投入到军事上的两难问题;而且,欧洲各国的国防官员还必须在一定程度上保证宝贵的资金被以最有效的方式加以使用。

在英国,这个问题很尖锐,不仅是因为英国当前在阿富汗和伊拉克有驻军,而且还因为欧洲各国为在欧洲安全防卫政策(ESDP)下由北约领导的任务和军事行动提供资金的制度,是不公平的。在这两种制度下,那些担负采取军事行动责任的国家,也承担了军事行动大部分的经济负担。我们的集体安全联盟对这些不公平的提供资金的方法进行审视,并确保所有的成员国为全球安全提供适当的资金,现在正当其时。

英国国防部现在面临着资金危机已经不是什么秘密了。尽管英国军队自2003年以来参加了两次重大的军事行动,但是,英国的国防开支只占GDP的2.3%——这一比例是20世纪30年代以来最低的。英国国防开支作为政府全部开支的一部分,已经从1998年占全部政府开支的7.8%下降到2006年的6.1%。

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