Порядок разделения в Европе, старый и новый

ЛЮБЛЯНА: От Йошки Фишера до Жака Ширака видение разных форм федерального ЕС множатся. Словенам, эти идеи напоминают федеральный план для Югославии. Федерация Югославии провалилась, потому что объединяя столько различных частей, ее можно было удержать только недемократическими, даже авторитарными методами. Должны ли словене, избежавшие кровавых переделок в Югославии, окунаться в новую федеральную авантюру, даже если она – европейская?

Выбор конечно принадлежит не только одной Словении, и в любом случае является заложником других беспокойств. Десять лет назад, после падения берлинской стены и объединения Германии, европейские демократические государства объявили о том, что они хотят изменить историческую несправедливость разделения Европы, в котором страны Восточной и Центральной Европы были чем-то вроде военного трофея Советского Союза. Однако сегодня, как скажет вам любой человек живущий на восток от старого железного занавеса, расширение Европы продвигается со скоростью улитки.

Страны кандитаты на вступление в ЕС должны гармонизировать свои политические и экономические системы с так называемым acquis communautaire; существующие члены ЕС хотят создать благоприятную ситуацию для расширения путем пересмотра структур ЕС. Часто слышно мнение о том, что текущее количество членов ЕС уже делает работу ЕС достаточно сложной. Поэтому, практически невозможно представить расширение до 27 членов без вреда для сегодняшней системы.

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