Якорь стабильности Европы

ФРАНКФУРТ – Находясь в обращении менее десяти лет, евро по всем параметрам является молодой валютой. За это время он стал частью повседневной жизни около 320 миллионов людей в 15 странах Европы. Наблюдая за поведением евро во время глобального финансового кризиса этого года, даже его самые непримиримые критики не могут не признать, что евро имел поразительный успех.

Прошлым летом миллионам путешественникам не пришлось платить обременительные и дорогостоящие сборы за обмен своих валют. Однако преимущества для торговли и инвестирования, заключающиеся в отсутствии рисков обмена иностранных валют внутри еврозоны, более значимы для экономики. Общая валюта завершает образование единого рынка для стран-членов еврозоны.

С 1999 года члены Европейского валютного союза (EMU) перенесли ряд сильных внешних потрясений: рост цены на баррель нефти от 10 до 150 ДОЛЛАРОВ США; обвал рынка ценных бумаг после провала интернет-компаний; увеличенный риск терроризма после событий 11 сентября 2001 года и две войны. С прошлого лета обвал субстандартного ипотечного рынка в США принес волнения на финансовые рынки, конца которым не видно даже на горизонте.

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