UE y Turquía: volver a cero

ROMA – Más adelante este año, Turquía será sede de la Cumbre de Líderes del G20 de 2015, la décima reunión anual de los jefes de estado del G20. La prominencia de ese país en el escenario mundial llega en un momento extraño, cuando se encuentra rodeado por un creciente arco de inestabilidad.

De hecho, dos órdenes geopolíticos se están deshilachando en el entorno inmediato de Turquía: la entente pos Guerra Fría con Rusia y las fronteras nacionales en Oriente Medio definidas por el Acuerdo Sykes-Picot de 1916 y el Tratado de Versailles de 1919. Nunca la Unión Europea y Turquía se han necesitado más entre sí... sin embargo, rara vez han estado tan distantes.

Turquía ya no es la estrella regional en ascenso que fue durante la primera mitad de los 12 años en que el presidente Recep Tayyip Erdoğan estuvo al frente del país. Lejos quedaron aquellos días en que el país transitaba un boom económico y se acercaba a una verdadera democracia, una fuente de inspiración para muchos en la región. Hoy, Turquía enfrenta una miríada de desafíos: creciente autoritarismo, crecimiento mediocre y un tambaleante proceso de paz con los kurdos. Debido a su frontera de 900 kilómetros con Siria, aloja a casi 2 millones de refugiados sirios y es vulnerable a ataques e infiltraciones del Estado Islámico. Las tensiones tanto con Irán como con Israel se han afianzado profundamente y el país depende cada vez más de la energía provista por una Rusia revanchista.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/dp8L8YO/es;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now