英国的最后一根欧盟稻草?

伦敦—17亿英镑对英国政府来说是一大笔钱,因此拿出来需要仔细考虑吗?当它以欧盟预算要求的形式突然出现时是的。但欧盟出人意料的账单不仅仅是金融上的,因为它的到来正逢反欧盟的英国独立党(United Kingdom Independence Party)在民调中狂飙突进之时。这一事件彰显出欧盟预算规定有多么任性(arbitrary),这将陷欧盟自身于极其不利的境地,也很可能成为英国退出欧盟的最后一根稻草。

这张账单源于欧盟统计局(Eurostat)对英国过去20年经济表现的重新统计结果。但是,其长期代价也许比其相对较小的数字(相当于GDP的0.1%)大得多。政治危机——源自欧盟预算对国家预算附加费和退税的计算——来自于制度任性(institutional arbitrariness),这种任性是不公平的,并且产生了极大的不满。就像是看似因为琐事而破裂的友谊和婚姻,其背后其实存在根本性问题,这场预算危机彰显出英国-欧盟关系中的严重缺陷。

这一新金融要求震惊了英国首相卡梅伦,他称之为“完全不可接受”。对许多欧洲怀疑派来说,这只不过是欧盟委员会针对英国的又一阴谋信号。卡梅伦用儿童凶杀案侦探桌游作比方说:“你不需要超级线索(Cluedo)就能知道,有人聚集在图书馆下水道旁边密谋。”更好的比方也许是凸显资本主义随机不公正性的大萧条时代桌游强手棋中的“机会”卡。

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