结束民族国家的神话

纽约-今年秋天,大学会将一个神话作为事实教给几万名大学生。这个神话在过去已经对战争起到助燃作用,并可能在现在阻碍找到世界面临的最大的问题的解决方法。虽然这个神话的起源扑朔迷离,但是科学已经证明了它是错误的,而且,一个全球化的世界已经认为这个神话与时代格格不入。我在这里谈论的是民族国家的神话。

民族国家合并了两个观点,一个是具体的国家,另一个是模糊的民族。国家的作用是很清楚的,它是使人们能够为了共同利益汇集他们的资源并动员起来抵御共同的威胁——不管这些威胁是洪水还是外国军队的入侵——的必要的组织原则。国家也是法律最终的裁判者。一部分原因是要对全球化作出回应,以及作为能源市场不断增加的财富效应的结果,国家的权力甚至还在增强,。

但是,将民族国家作为治理国家的基础模糊了人类最大威胁的性质。污染、恐怖主义、流行疾病以及气候变化都是全球性的现象。这些现象并不尊重国家主权,因而,它们需要全球合作来加以应对。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/6tEi12Q/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.