Shipping containers.

استيراد الصادرات

كمبريدج ــ تُرى هل ينبغي لاستراتيجية التنمية في أي دولة أن تولي اهتماماً خاصاً للصادرات؟ الواقع أن الصادرات لا علاقة لها بتلبية الاحتياجات الأساسية لسكان أي دولة، مثل التعليم، والرعاية الصحية، والطاقة، والمياه، والاتصالات، والأمن، وسيادة القانون، والترفيه. لماذا إذن نعطي الأسبقية لتلبية احتياجات مستهلكين أجانب في أماكن بعيدة؟

هذه هو باختصار ما يريد أن يعرفه كثيرون من معارضي التجارة الحرة والعولمة الاقتصادية ــ فضلاً عن كثيرين من المنتمين إلى اليمين والذين يعتقدون أن كل الصناعات لابد أن تلقى معاملة متساوية. ولكن لا توجد إجابات صحيحة لأسئلة خاطئة. ذلك أن اهتمام الحكومات بشعوبها هو على وجه التحديد ما يملي عليها أن تركز على الصادرات.

ولكي نتيقن من هذا فينبغي لنا أن نفهم أولاً المغزى الحقيقي من اقتصاد السوق. ربما يقول البعض، بما في ذلك البابا فرانسيس، إن المحرك الحقيقي لاقتصاد السوق هو الجشع ــ فهو نظام حيث يهتم كل شخص بنفسه فقط.

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