Paul Lachine

sid10569504u72998Abajo los “mercados emergentes”

LONDRES – Han pasado nueve años desde que acuñé el acrónimo "BRIC", que se ha convertido en sinónimo del ascenso de Brasil, Rusia, India y China. Han pasado más de siete años desde que mis colegas de Goldman Sachs y yo publicamos por primera vez un panorama hasta 2050 en el que sugeríamos que las cuatro economías de los BRIC podrían crecer más que las del G-7 y que, junto con los Estados Unidos, serían las cinco más grandes del mundo.

También han pasado más de cinco años desde que apareció por primera vez la expresión "los once siguientes"  o "N-11" (su abreviatura en inglés). Ese término abarcaba a los once países siguientes en tamaño por población y buscaba determinar su potencial de tipo BRIC.

Actualmente estos 15 países generan la mayor parte del impulso positivo para la economía mundial. China ha superado a Japón como segunda economía del mundo con una producción aproximadamente igual a la de los otros tres países BRIC juntos. El PIB agregado de los 15 es de alrededor de 11 billones de dólares, es decir, alrededor del 80% del nivel de los Estados Unidos.

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