Тайный сыск и китайская политика

На премьер-министра Китая Жу Ронжи, третьего человека в китайской номенклатуре, и Ли Пэна, второго по значению политика страны, поочередно продолжают сыпаться обвинения в коррупции. Эти обвинения с неизменным постоянством выдвигаются китайскими спецслужбами. Но сегодня тайная полиция Китая и так работает сверхурочно, пытаясь справиться с миллионами Интернет-пользователей в стране. Такого рода усердие далеко не ново в Китае.

Параноя, стукачество и тайный надзор настолько характерны для коммунистической власти, что лишь немногих удивляет размах операций, проводимых тайной полицией внутри страны. Однако, систему тайного сыска в Китай принесла не компьютерная революция и не Комммунистическая Революция товарища Мао. В действительности, появлением систем широкомасштабного внутреннего шпионажа зачастую были отмечены самые мрачные моменты в долгой истории Китая, и их приход обычно предвещал не только возврат тирании, но и общую нестабильность.

Китайская тайная полиция воистине имеет глубокие корни. Во времена Династии Минь у императора Чень Жу (Cheng Zu, 1403-1424) имелась собственная внутренняя шпионская служба, известная под именем Дон Чань (Dong Chang), в дословном переводе - «Восточная рабочая группа». Она была укомплектована евнухами, напрямую докладывавшими императору. Чень Жу испольтзовал Дон Чань для того, чтобы в обход прочих государственных органов расправляться с бесчисленным множеством невинных людей, критиковавших императора. Режим Чень Жу обозначил собой одну из мрачнейших страниц в долгой истории Китая.

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