肯尼亚的发展失败了吗?

内罗毕—一个月前,肯尼亚在大选后突然爆发了骚乱,造成1000多人失去生命和几十万人无家可归。这次骚乱的恶劣程度和规模震惊了整个世界。

当然,肯尼亚以前也在大选期间经历过局势的紧张,并且了解非洲的人也不会不知道这个国家依然面临的许多难题。但是最近几年情况似乎一直很好。今年的竞选活动也进行得特别和平,有数百万人在12月27日参加了投票,他们花了数小时步行和排队投出了他们的选票。

也许更根本的问题在于,肯尼亚一直被公认为发展的“好学生”,甚至有时被认为是非洲复兴的典范。正在实施的包含了一系列雄心勃勃的宏观经济、法制和宪法改革方案的“肯尼亚2030年远景框架”就是在与世界银行密切合作下进行的。

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