什么是国际社会?

巴黎—尽管人们频繁使用“国际社会”一词,但其准确含义——就像其起源——很难弄清楚。正如法国近期对马里的干预所显示的,这一模糊性的根源在于当今世界最紧迫的外交政策问题。

在一些人看来,国际社会根本不存在。也有人比较实际,认为这个词意指决定集体行动的所有国家。还有一些人使用更准确地定义,即包括所有具有国际影响的国家——任何身份和主权得到承认并选择参与国际讨论和决策的国家。

在语义学之外是后果更严重但同样不清不楚的问题——国际社会的角色和责任。太宽泛的定义会破坏一国的主权,太狭窄的定义——比如主宰当今世界之物——又会让暴力和动荡蔓延。

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