US Capital building full frame/Flickr


纽黑文—美国国会为了跨太平洋洋合作伙伴关系( Trans-Pacific Partnership ,总统奥巴马的标志性贸易立法)而吵到不可开交隐显一个重大障碍。5月22日,参议院以微弱多数——51比48——避免了这一障碍成为现实——在授予奥巴马所谓的“快车道”TPP谈判权的立法中不加入“货币操纵”修正条款。但这一问题可能随着争论战场转移到众议院而死灰复燃,在众议院,对“强制性货币规则”的支持十分强大。

至少十年来,国会一直关注货币操纵——指控一些国家刻意干预外汇市场以抑制本币价值,从而补贴出口。2005年,纽约州自由派民主党参议员查尔斯·舒默(Charles Schumer)和南加州保守派共和党参议员林赛·格雷厄姆(Lindsey Graham)组成了一个不可能的联盟,捍卫身陷重围的美国工人免受不公平的竞争手段的影响。他们指出,停止货币操纵能让美国巨大的贸易赤字减小——给困难重重的工人带来持续的真正福利。


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