Morální ekonomie dluhu

LONDÝN – Každý hospodářský kolaps přináší poptávku po odpuštění dluhů. Příjmy potřebné ke splacení půjček se vypařily a aktiva sloužící jako zástava ztratila na hodnotě. Věřitelé si vynucují svůj flák masa; dlužníci se halasně dožadují odpuštění.

Vezměme si iniciativu Strike Debt („Škrtněte dluh“), což je odnož hnutí Occupy, která se označuje za „celostátní hnutí odpíračů dluhů bojujících za ekonomickou spravedlnost a demokratickou svobodu“. Na její webové stránce se tvrdí, že „vzhledem ke stagnujícím mzdám, systémové nezaměstnanosti a seškrtávání veřejných služeb“ jsou lidé nuceni vršit dluhy, aby získali nejzákladnější životní nezbytnosti, což vede k tomu, že „odevzdávají [svou] budoucnost bankám.”

Jedna z iniciativ Strike Debt s názvem „Rolling Jubilee“ vybírá od lidí finance s cílem nakupovat a umazávat dluhy, kterýžto proces označuje jako „kolektivní odpírání dluhů“. Pokroky této iniciativy jsou působivé: zatím vybrala více než 700 000 dolarů a umazala dluhy v hodnotě téměř 18,6 milionu dolarů.

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