От Бетховена до Пекина

ЛОНДОН – 1 июля, 17 лет назад, я плыл на Британской Королевской яхте и находился уже далеко от Гонконга, где, в полночь предыдущего дня, Китай предположительно признал суверенитет в соответствии с условиями международного соглашения с Соединенным Королевством (представленным в Организации Объединенных Наций) и известным как Совместная Декларация. Это соглашение гарантирует Гонконгу жизненный путь в 50 лет, под лозунгом Дэн Сяопина “одна страна, две системы”. Государства с верховенством права и свобод, ассоциированных с плюрализмом - Надлежащий процесс и свобода слова, собрания, и поклонения - должны были остаться фундаментом для процветания и стабильности Гонконга.

Перенесемся в тот год. В дату, что так много значила для меня лично, как последнего губернатора колонии, и еще больше для многих других граждан Гонконга, я присутствовал на великолепной постановке оперы Бетховена “Фиделио” на территории загородного дома неподалеку от Оксфорда. Единственная опера Бетховена, написанная в 1805 году (год победы Наполеона под Аустерлицем) и переписанная в 1814 году (когда Наполеон отрекся от престола), является одной из высших форм культурного самовыражения фундаментальных человеческих ценностей - свободы и оппозиции к тирании - которые резонируют в каждом обществе.

Самый драматический момент в "Fidelio " наступает, когда политические заключенные на краткий срок освобождаются из темницы. “О небо! Спасение! Счастье,” поют они. “О свобода! Датите ли вы ее нам?” Когда они пели о свободе, лучи заходящего солнца ослепили заключенных и аудиторию Оксфордширда. Сама Природа подчеркнула важность послания.

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