Dong Wenjie/Getty Images

Болезненность структурной трансформации Китая

ШАНХАЙ – Уже больше года мировые СМИ рассказывают о замедлении роста экономики в Китае. Однако пристальней вглядевшись в региональную динамику внутри Китая, можно увидеть другую историю – дело не в замедлении экономики, а в смене скоростей.

По данным Государственного бюро статистики Китая, богатая ресурсами провинция Шаньси переживает замедление темпов роста, однако в юго-западных провинциях Чунцин и Гуйчжоу, напротив, наблюдается динамичный рост. В Хэбэй и ещё трёх провинциях на северо-востоке страны чувствуются последствия рецессии, а в индустриальных регионах Тяньцзинь, Шаньдун и Цзянсу отмечается экономический бум.

После финансового кризиса 2008 года, когда для многих стран мира низкие темпы роста стали «новой нормой», Китай резко ускорил процесс ребалансировки своей экономики: мотором роста вместо промышленности и экспорта становится внутренний спрос на товары и услуги.

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