Internet start employees in Beijing The Washington Post

矫正中国的产权

纽约—中国最近出台了新的意见以加强产权保护。该意见是确保长期经济增长的重要一步。但光有意见是不够的。。

意见旨在推动三个关键目标。首先,意见限制了政府从企业家和公民个人手中收缴私人产权的自由裁量权。在过去,法律定义国有部门为“社会主义市场经济”的“基础”,私人部门则是“补充”。新意见强调国有企业和民营企业的“平等地位”,它们的产权得到“平等保护”。现在,私有产权地位不再低于国有产权——至少正式地位是如此。

最近,中国面临着新一波资本外逃,部分原因在于企业家担心国家主席习近平的反腐运动有一天会盯上他们和他们的资产——目前,反腐运动主要针对腐败的政府官员。毕竟,管理中国商业活动的法律和法规非常复杂,甚至时常自相矛盾,中国企业家难免会触犯这样那样的规则。

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