El nuevo liderazgo mundial de China

NUEVA YORK – La mayor noticia económica del año llegó casi sin aviso: China ha reemplazado a Estados Unidos como la mayor economía del mundo, según los encargados de llevar las cuentas en el Fondo Monetario Internacional. Por otra parte, en estos momentos en que el estatus geopolítico de China aumenta rápidamente junto con su poderío económico, EE. UU. continúa dilapidando su liderazgo mundial, debido a la irrestricta codicia de sus elites políticas y económicas, y a la trampa que se autoimpuso con la guerra perpetua en Oriente Medio.

Según el FMI, el PIB de China será de 17,6 billones de USD en 2014, con el que tomará la delantera frente a EE. UU. y su producto de 17,4 billones de USD. Por supuesto, como la población china es cuatro veces mayor, su PBI per cápita (de 12,900 USD) todavía no llega a ser un cuarto de los 54,000 USD que registró EE. UU., con un nivel de vida mucho más elevado.

El surgimiento de China es trascendental, pero también implica el regreso a una situación existente. Después de todo, China ha sido el país más populoso del mundo desde que se convirtió en un estado unificado hace más de 2000 años; tiene entonces sentido que sea también la mayor de sus economías. De hecho, la evidencia sugiere que la economía China era mayor (en términos de paridad del poder adquisitivo) que cualquier otra en el mundo hasta aproximadamente 1889, cuando EE. UU. la eclipsó. Ahora, 125 años más tarde, la clasificación ha vuelto a invertirse después de décadas de rápido crecimiento económico en China.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/WSNTSMl/es;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.