El minué presidencial de Chile

BUENOS AIRES – Chile ha sido la historia de éxito de América Latina desde los años ´80, como consecuencia de un rápido crecimiento económico, una integración exitosa a la economía mundial, instituciones democráticas sólidas, una efectiva burocracia estatal y bajos niveles de corrupción. En todas estas áreas, en términos generales, el país supera claramente al promedio de la región.

No es de sorprender que los chilenos hayan mantenido a la gobernante coalición demócrata cristiana-socialista (la Concertación) en el poder durante cuatro mandatos consecutivos desde 1990, cuando se restableció la democracia después de 17 años del represivo régimen militar del general Augusto Pinochet. El 13 de diciembre, sin embargo, es probable que los votantes en las elecciones presidenciales de Chile “hagan transpirar” al candidato presidencial oficialista.

La Concertación lleva como candidato al demócrata cristiano Eduardo Frei, hijo de un ex presidente, y él mismo presidente desde 1994 hasta 2000. Su principal contendiente es Sebastián Piñera, magnate, ex senador y candidato presidencial en 2006, representante de las principales fuerzas de la oposición -la moderadamente conservadora Renovación Nacional (RN) de Piñera y la Unión Demócrata Independiente (UDI), más de derecha.

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