Célébration du modèle allemand

PRINCETON – Si vous voulez des preuves que nous ne sommes plus dans l’univers psychique et politique de la Grande dépression, l'issue des élections en Allemagne – un gouvernement stable de centre-droit – devrait être un argument suffisant. Dans l'Allemagne de l'entre-deux-guerres, la dépression a anéanti la démocratie allemande et entraîné une montée en puissance d’Hitler et du national-socialisme ; dans l'Allemagne d'aujourd'hui, la crise économique la plus grave depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale a conduit à la réélection de Frau Merkel.

Il est communément admis qu’en temps de détresse économique les électeurs punissent les partis et les politiciens en exercice. Durant toute la campagne, il n’y a jamais eu aucun doute sur la place ni sur la popularité de la chancelière Angela Merkel. 

La dépression de l'entre-deux-guerres a mené à la désintégration des valeurs politiques et économiques libérales. En Allemagne, en 2009, il n'y a pas eu de balancement vers l'extrémisme politique de la droite, pas plus qu’il n'y a eu de signe de quelconque soutien à une droite radicale. Aux élections des parlements régionaux, les petits partis de la droite radicale (qui n'ont jamais été caractéristiques de la politique nationale) ont tout bonnement disparu.

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