Увеличение потребления и балансировка экономического роста

ВАШИНГТОН, ОКРУГ КОЛУМБИЯ. Китай хорошо пережил Великую рецессию. Мир сейчас ждет, чтобы увидеть, сможет ли быть продолжительным впечатляющий прошлогодний рост внутреннего спроса? И сможет ли Китай, по словам премьер-министра Вэня Цзябао, “предоставить лидирующую роль … потребительскому спросу, чтобы он способствовал экономическому росту”.

Китайского потребителя удерживали слишком долго, и сейчас он должен быть поставлен на самое почетное место в китайской модели экономического роста. Правительство Китая уже двигается вперед по нескольким направлениям, чтобы достигнуть этой цели, что было понятно из сообщений с Всекитайского собрания народных представителей, которое состоялось на этой неделе.

Среди многих факторов, которые сократили долю потребления в китайской экономике, располагаемый семейный доход был центральным. Это, в свою очередь, отразило падение трудовых доходов как части экономики, частично из-за структурных перемен, которые заставили сельских работников уйти из сельского хозяйства (где трудовая доля доходов является высокой) в производство (где капитал обеспечивает более высокую долю дохода).

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