Может ли МВФ предотвратить глобальную катастрофу?

Когда финансовые лидеры мира соберутся в этом месяце в Сингапуре на совместные заседания Всемирного банка и МВФ, им не уйти от рассмотрения одного исключительно важного вопроса. Есть ли какой-либо способ уговорить крупнейшие государства-члены МВФ, особенно США и Китай, помочь снизить угрозу, вызванную огромными торговыми диспропорциями в мире?

В этом году США возьмут в долг примерно 800 миллиардов долларов для покрытия своего торгового дефицита. Это невероятно, но сейчас США поглощают примерно две трети всех чистых сбережений мира – беспрецедентная ситуация в истории.

Хотя этот «займовый разгул» может закончиться и довольно гладко, как предположил руководитель Федерального резервного банка США Бен Бернанке, большинство финансовых лидеров мира справедливо озабочены возможностью более крутых перемен, которые, вероятно, приведут к сильному обесцениванию доллара и, возможно, куда более серьезным последствиям. Действительно, если государственные руководители будут продолжать сидеть сложа руки, нетрудно представить себе внезапную глобальную стагнацию или даже опустошительный финансовый кризис.

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