Pozastavte dávky, ne imigranty

S blížícím se rozšířením Evropské unie se obyvatelé západní Evropy stále více obávají vlny práci hledajících imigrantů z postkomunistických zemí chystajících se na vstup do Unie. Pokud se všech osm východoevropských zemí (vyjma Bulharska a Rumunska) k Unii připojí v předpokládaném termínu, populace EU vzroste v roce 2004 asi o 75 milionů obyvatel.

Když před dvěma desítkami let vstupovaly do Unie Spanělsko a Portugalsko, míra přistěhovalectví do už stávajících členských států byla nižší proto, že spousta imigrantů z těchto zemí přišla už v 60. letech, kdy Evropa prožívala rozkvět. Díky železné oponě však byla emigrace z východní Evropy v té době značně ztížena. Rozdíly v příjmech mezi východními kandidáty a EU jsou navíc třikrát vyšší, než byla před dvaceti lety příjmová nerovnost mezi Evropou a Pyrenejským poloostrovem. Podle mnichovského Ifo institutu můžeme v západní Evropě do patnácti let po rozšíření EU očekávat zhruba 2,5 až 3,3 miliony přistěhovalců.

Jsou to vysoká čísla, ale důvod k obavám je pramalý - pokud stávající evropská patnáctka provede příslušné přípravy. Na rozdíl od přistěhovalců z neevropských zemí mají východoevropští imigranti alespoň podobné kulturní zázemí, takže se budou snadno asimilovat.

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