热锅上的贝卢斯科尼

在宣扬通过减税和开放重振经济的竞选活动后,西尔维奥·贝卢斯科尼当选为意大利总理。就任3年后,他没能实现自己的经济理想,以他为首的政府也开始风雨飘摇。问题究竟出在哪里?

意大利的经济痼疾尽人皆知。如果不惮简陋,大致可以归结为3个方面:

· 公共财政薄弱 。意大利加入欧洲货币联盟之时,其主要预算盈余(除利息支付外超过政府开支的纳税收入)只占国民收入的5%。到贝卢斯科尼承诺减税的前一年,也就是2004年,上述盈余将进一步缩减至约1.5%。过度的社会福利开支(主要是公共养老金)和偿付国债的费用将资源从高效的政府开支领域抽走,形成了高额的税收负担。政府未能采取任何有意义的行动,导致问题日益恶化。因此,不久前标准普尔评级机构降低了意大利国债的信用等级,其实并不让人感到奇怪。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To continue reading, please log in or register now. After entering your email, you'll have access to two free articles every month. For unlimited access to Project Syndicate, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you are agreeing to our Terms and Conditions.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/UNXBpYH/zh;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.