Нефункциональные демократии Азии

Неожиданная отставка премьер-министра Таиланда Таксина Шинаватра является еще одним примером вызывающего тревогу парадокса: чем «здоровее» азиатская демократия, тем она менее функциональна.

Недостатка в примерах нет. Попытка оппозиционных партий в прошлом году отстранить от должности президента Южной Кореи Ро Му Хена на совершенно неубедительных основаниях, неспособность президента Тайваня Чэнь Шуй-бяня провести закон через парламент, контролируемый оппозиционной партией Гоминьдан, застойный первый срок президента Филиппин Глории Макапагал Арройо и циркулирующие слухи о возможных попытках переворота с целью ее свержения – каждый из этих примеров свидетельствует о демократическом параличе в Азии.

Если бы застой и смятение были единственными последствиями, такие политические тупики еще можно было бы терпеть. Но хронический застой поставил многие демократии Азии под угрозу дискредитации, а также перед перспективой вспышек насилия и экономического спада.

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