Ekonomická agenda pro Itálii

MILÁN – Koncem měsíce si italští voliči vyberou příští vládu, od níž očekávají pracovní místa a rovnější ekonomické hřiště – a od níž evropští partneři očekávají strukturální reformy a fiskální poctivost. Jaký by měl být program nové vlády v oblasti hospodářské politiky?

Aby se snížil veřejný dluh, dosahující 120 % HDP, a zároveň se minimalizovaly bolestivé korekce, Itálie potřebuje hospodářský růst – něco, co tvůrcům politik v posledních letech unikalo. Průměrné italské roční tempo růstu HDP od vstupu do hospodářské a měnové unie Evropy v roce 1999 je chudokrevných 0,5 %, výrazně pod průměrem eurozóny, který dosahuje bezmála 1,5 %. Během čtyř let od propuknutí globální finanční krize se tempo růstu propadlo na -1,2 % (průměr eurozóny činí -0,2 %) a očekává se, že i letos zůstane záporné.

Největší výzvou pro novou vládu bude zavést reformy, které Itálii po letech špatných politik a nedbalosti umožní dotáhnout hospodářskou výkonnost svých sousedů. To vyžaduje posílení investic do inovací a lidského kapitálu.

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