Возвращение афганских жителей домой

КАБУЛ – Словно Афганистану было недостаточно одного вооруженного столкновения между правительственными силами, поддерживаемыми американской коалицией, и Талибаном, страна столкнулась еще с одним кризисом, который ей, безусловно, хотелось бы преодолеть: Великое Возвращение.

От Джелалабада до Герата – а, по сути, на территории всего северного Афганистана – можно наблюдать, как афганцы возвращаются из эмиграции. Повсюду видны красочные пакистанские грузовики, которые везут на себе бревна и деревянные оконные рамы, двери и кровати, а сверху всего этого добра сидят жены с детьми.

Масштаб перемещения был огромным: в разгар массового бегства, до шести миллионов афганцев бежали из страны, главным образом, в Пакистан и Иран. Примерно три четверти из них бежали после советского вторжения в 1979 году. Остальные бежали во время правления просоветского президента Наджибаллаа и гражданских войн 1992-1996 годов между различными моджахедскими партиями, а затем и во время правления Талибана. Некоторые из сторонников Талибана бежали после того, как Северный Альянс вошел в Кабул в ноябре 2001 года и прогнал их лидеров.

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