La deficiente política exterior de Obama

PARÍS – La de evaluar los resultados de la política exterior de un Presidente americano después de un mandato no es una tarea fácil, dadas la compleja situación estratégica y diplomática y las importantes limitaciones interiores que afronta todo Presidente de los EEE.UU. No obstante, antes de que se celebren las elecciones presidenciales de noviembre, es importante distinguir las fuerzas que han modelado la política exterior de Obama y evaluar su gestión de ellas.

Obama cumplió su promesa de retirar las fuerzas americanas del Iraq durante su primer mandato, pero esa iniciativa resultó ser una derrota estratégica, dada la en gran medida disminuida influencia política de los Estados Unidos en el Iraq. De hecho, el gobierno del Primer Ministro Nouri Al Maliki está volviéndose cada vez más un aliado del Irán. No se debe reprochar a Obama, que se opuso a la guerra del Iraq, las circunstancias actuales, pero no fue capaz de mejorar la situación ni ayudar a los chiíes y suníes del Iraq a lograr una avenencia política.

En cambio, Obama amplió la guerra del Afganistán, que consideró una guerra necesaria, y puso a los talibanes a la defensiva, pero los EE.UU. empezarán a retirar tropas a partir de 2014 sin haber determinado una solución política en consonancia con sus intereses.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/G250u9h/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now