Para lograr un entendimiento estratégico Estados Unidos-China

ALBERTA – Las relaciones ente los Estados Unidos y China no han pasado por su mejor momento en los últimos meses. Las tensiones sobre las ventas de armas de los EE.UU. a Taiwán, la reunión del Presidente Barack Obama con el Dalai Lama, las disputas sobre el valor de la divisa de China, un supuesto desaire de los dirigentes chinos a Obama en la cumbre del clima celebrada en diciembre en Copenhague y la ruptura entre Google y China han desempeñado un papel al respecto.

Pero la visita del Presidente Hu Jintao a Washington para la cumbre sobre la seguridad nuclear, que siguió a una conversación telefónica entre Obama y él, ha preparado el terreno para un intercambio serio y sereno de opiniones sobre diversas cuestiones bilaterales e internacionales, incluido el programa nuclear del Irán. A ese apaciguamiento de la atmósfera diplomática contribuyó en gran medida el Secretario del Tesoro de los EE.UU., Timothy Geithner, al aplazar su informe al Congreso sobre si China es o no una manipuladora de las divisas. Geithner hizo incluso un rápido alto en Beijing el 8 de abril para reunirse con el Viceprimer Ministro chino, Wang Qishan, tras lo cual surgió la noticia de que China podría dejar que el renmimbi flotara con mayor flexibilidad.

No obstante, antes de que alguien concluya que las relaciones EE.UU.-China están mejorando, conviene observar que los dos países tienen opiniones profundamente diferentes sobre cómo gestionarlas.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/nVeOmoR/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now