Òîðãîâëÿ è Òðåòèé Ìèð

Ëèöåìåðèå è òîðãîâëÿ, êàê ïîêàçûâàåò ðåøåíèå Àìåðèêè ïîäíÿòü òàðèôû íà èìïîðò ñòàëè, ìîãóò õîðîøî ñî÷åòàòüñÿ äðóã ñ äðóãîì. Íåñìîòðÿ íà îæèäàåìîå ïðèçíàíèå ñî ñòîðîíû Âñåìèðíîé Òîðãîâîé Îðãàíèçàöèè (ÂÒÎ) íåïðàâîìåðíîñòè òàêèõ äåéñòâèé, ðàçâèâàþùèåñÿ ñòðàíû îñòàþòñÿ íàñòîðîæå. Íà ïðîòÿæåíèè ìíîãèõ ëåò îíè (Èíäèÿ â îñîáåííîñòè) çàÿâëÿþò, ÷òî ÂÒÎ ÿâëÿåòñÿ èíñòðóìåíòîì â ðóêàõ áîãàòûõ ñòðàí, è îêàçûâàþò ñîïðîòèâëåíèå ìíîãîìó èç òîãî, ÷òî ïðåäïðèíèìàåò ýòà îðãàíèçàöèÿ. Äåéñòâèòåëüíî, äî âñòðå÷è ìèíèñòðîâ òîðãîâëè ñòðàí - ÷ëåíîâ ÂÒÎ â Äîõå â íà÷àëå íûíåøíåãî ãîäà Èíäèÿ âûñòóïàëà ïðîòèâ íîâîãî ðàóíäà òîðãîâûõ ïåðåãîâîðîâ, äàëüíåéøåé ëèáåðàëèçàöèè òîðãîâëè ïðîìûøëåííûìè òîâàðàìè è ââåäåíèÿ òîðãîâûõ ñàíêöèé ïðîòèâ ñòðàí, íå ñîáëþäàþùèõ ìèíèìàëüíûå òðóäîâûå ñòàíäàðòû.

Òî, ÷òî ÂÒÎ â îñíîâíîì ÿâëÿåòñÿ èíñòðóìåíòîì ìîãóùåñòâåííûõ ïðîìûøëåííûõ ñòðàí, êîíå÷íî æå, âåðíî. Íî è êàòåãîðè÷åñêè âûñòóïàòü ïðîòèâ äåÿòåëüíîñòè ýòîé îðãàíèçàöèè òîæå íå ñòîèò. ÂÒÎ è Ñåâåð âîîáùå òðåáóþò áîëåå òîíêîãî, áîëåå ïðîäóìàííîãî ïîäõîäà.

ÂÒÎ óòâåðæäàåò, ÷òî ÿâëÿåòñÿ äåìîêðàòè÷åñêîé îðãàíèçàöèåé, óïðàâëåíèå êîòîðîé îñóùåñòâëÿåòñÿ ïî ïðèíöèïó: îäíà ñòðàíà - îäèí ãîëîñ. Îäíàêî åñëè ïðîñëåäèòü çà åå äåÿòåëüíîñòüþ, ñòàíîâèòñÿ ÿñíî, ÷òî áîãàòûå ñòðàíû ëåãêî îáõîäÿò ýòó «äîñàäíóþ» äåìîêðàòè÷åñêóþ ôîðìàëüíîñòü ïóòåì çàêóëèñíîãî ëîááèðîâàíèÿ ñ öåëüþ çàðàíåå îáåñïå÷èòü ïðîâåäåíèå íóæíîãî èì êóðñà.

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