Òîðãîâëÿ è Òðåòèé Ìèð

Ëèöåìåðèå è òîðãîâëÿ, êàê ïîêàçûâàåò ðåøåíèå Àìåðèêè ïîäíÿòü òàðèôû íà èìïîðò ñòàëè, ìîãóò õîðîøî ñî÷åòàòüñÿ äðóã ñ äðóãîì. Íåñìîòðÿ íà îæèäàåìîå ïðèçíàíèå ñî ñòîðîíû Âñåìèðíîé Òîðãîâîé Îðãàíèçàöèè (ÂÒÎ) íåïðàâîìåðíîñòè òàêèõ äåéñòâèé, ðàçâèâàþùèåñÿ ñòðàíû îñòàþòñÿ íàñòîðîæå. Íà ïðîòÿæåíèè ìíîãèõ ëåò îíè (Èíäèÿ â îñîáåííîñòè) çàÿâëÿþò, ÷òî ÂÒÎ ÿâëÿåòñÿ èíñòðóìåíòîì â ðóêàõ áîãàòûõ ñòðàí, è îêàçûâàþò ñîïðîòèâëåíèå ìíîãîìó èç òîãî, ÷òî ïðåäïðèíèìàåò ýòà îðãàíèçàöèÿ. Äåéñòâèòåëüíî, äî âñòðå÷è ìèíèñòðîâ òîðãîâëè ñòðàí - ÷ëåíîâ ÂÒÎ â Äîõå â íà÷àëå íûíåøíåãî ãîäà Èíäèÿ âûñòóïàëà ïðîòèâ íîâîãî ðàóíäà òîðãîâûõ ïåðåãîâîðîâ, äàëüíåéøåé ëèáåðàëèçàöèè òîðãîâëè ïðîìûøëåííûìè òîâàðàìè è ââåäåíèÿ òîðãîâûõ ñàíêöèé ïðîòèâ ñòðàí, íå ñîáëþäàþùèõ ìèíèìàëüíûå òðóäîâûå ñòàíäàðòû.

Òî, ÷òî ÂÒÎ â îñíîâíîì ÿâëÿåòñÿ èíñòðóìåíòîì ìîãóùåñòâåííûõ ïðîìûøëåííûõ ñòðàí, êîíå÷íî æå, âåðíî. Íî è êàòåãîðè÷åñêè âûñòóïàòü ïðîòèâ äåÿòåëüíîñòè ýòîé îðãàíèçàöèè òîæå íå ñòîèò. ÂÒÎ è Ñåâåð âîîáùå òðåáóþò áîëåå òîíêîãî, áîëåå ïðîäóìàííîãî ïîäõîäà.

ÂÒÎ óòâåðæäàåò, ÷òî ÿâëÿåòñÿ äåìîêðàòè÷åñêîé îðãàíèçàöèåé, óïðàâëåíèå êîòîðîé îñóùåñòâëÿåòñÿ ïî ïðèíöèïó: îäíà ñòðàíà - îäèí ãîëîñ. Îäíàêî åñëè ïðîñëåäèòü çà åå äåÿòåëüíîñòüþ, ñòàíîâèòñÿ ÿñíî, ÷òî áîãàòûå ñòðàíû ëåãêî îáõîäÿò ýòó «äîñàäíóþ» äåìîêðàòè÷åñêóþ ôîðìàëüíîñòü ïóòåì çàêóëèñíîãî ëîááèðîâàíèÿ ñ öåëüþ çàðàíåå îáåñïå÷èòü ïðîâåäåíèå íóæíîãî èì êóðñà.

We hope you're enjoying Project Syndicate.

To continue reading, subscribe now.

Subscribe

Get unlimited access to PS premium content, including in-depth commentaries, book reviews, exclusive interviews, On Point, the Big Picture, the PS Archive, and our annual year-ahead magazine.

http://prosyn.org/CVKJiWE/de;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.