欧洲应该采用液压致裂法吗?

布鲁塞尔—国际能源业因“液压破碎法”而欢欣鼓舞,这项新技术可以用于开采蕴藏于页岩层之下的天然气。所谓的页岩气产量的激增能够让美国天然气基本实现自给。

相反,欧洲显然落后了。勘探工作进行得犹犹豫豫,页岩气的生产更是八字都没有一撇,这让许多观察者哀叹,欧洲就要输掉下一场能源革命了。欧洲应该因此担忧吗?

关于欧洲显然缺乏对液压致裂法的热情的批评忽略了两大关键要点。首先,欧洲抵制结构于美国不同。蕴藏于大规模页岩层中的潜在储量和可以以经济的方式生产的可开采储备是截然不同的。

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