Paul Lachine

Una zona de exclusión aérea para Libia

WASHINGTON, DC – Los líderes de todo el mundo están debatiendo intensamente la conveniencia de establecer una zona de exclusión aérea para detener la violencia en Libia. Algunos citan como razón para actuar a Bosnia, donde la OTAN tardó demasiado en proteger a la población civil a mediados de los noventa. Otros recuerdan el caso de Rwanda, en el que el presidente Bill Clinton se lamentó más tarde por no haber actuado para salvar vidas inocentes. No obstante, el mejor indicio de lo que actualmente está en juego en Libia es la tragedia del sur de Iraq durante los últimos días de la guerra del Golfo Pérsico de hace 20 años.

En febrero de 1991, cuando las fuerzas de la coalición estaban derrotando al ejército iraquí, el presidente George H.W. Bush alentó a los iraquíes a “tomar el control de las cosas para obligar al dictador Saddam Hussein a retirarse.” Cuando los iraquíes chiítas, los kurdos y los árabes de los pantanos se rebelaron contra Hussein, creyeron que las fuerzas estadounidenses los protegerían del poder militar superior del brutal dictador.

En cambio, cuando los helicópteros artillados y las tropas de elite iraquíes empezaron a asesinar a su propio pueblo, las fuerzas de la coalición recibieron la orden de retirarse. El mundo presenció la masacre de miles de iraquíes.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.