硬化巴西的软实力

巴西利亚——或许对巴西民众来讲,国家永远和平是一个不言而喻的问题。毕竟在谈判解决边境争端后,巴西与十个邻国间已近150年没有爆发任何冲突。1942年纳粹U型潜艇明目张胆入侵南大西洋是巴西最后一次打仗。巴西已和阿根廷及国际原子能机构签署了《全面核保障协定》,誓言放弃核武器。巴西正通过南方共同市场(Mercosur)和南美国家联盟(UNASUR)为地区的政治、经济、社会和文化融合贡献自己的力量。

但向巴西这样的世界主要新兴国家单纯依靠软实力能否行得通?

可以肯定,巴西的和平外交政策效果良好。巴西充分利用其自身地位推进南美及其他地区的和平合作。巴西将国家自豪感与民主制度、社会正义、经济发展和环境保护相融合的世界观造就了如此建设性的态度。

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