Un retorno ecológico al crecimiento europeo

LA HAYA - La mitigación del cambio climático se presenta a menudo como la imposición de un "toma y daca" entre la economía y el medio ambiente. Por demasiado tiempo el debate se ha enmarcado en el concepto de "reparto de la carga". Sin embargo, los nuevos análisis de un equipo formado por investigadores procedentes de seis importantes institutos y universidades europeas arroja nuevas luces sobre este debate, y demuestra que Europa puede tomar decisiones que van en su propio interés económico y ambiental.

El análisis que figura en nuestro nuevo informe, A New Growth Path for Europe – Generating Prosperity and Jobs in the Low-Carbon Economy (Una nueva senda de crecimiento para Europa - Generar prosperidad y empleo en la economía de bajas emisiones de carbono), se basa en una exhaustiva evaluación de las perspectivas de crecimiento en Europa tras la crisis financiera. Su publicación es oportuna, porque la Unión Europea decidirá este año si eleva su objetivo de reducción de gases de efecto invernadero.

El aumento del objetivo de emisiones actuales de -20% a -30% en 2020 respecto a 1990 representaría una importante oportunidad para revitalizar la economía europea, independientemente de lo que haya hecho el resto del mundo en términos de política climática. Aprovechar esa oportunidad aumentaría considerablemente el tamaño de la economía europea, en hasta en un 5% a lo largo de la próxima década. Esto se traduce en seis millones de nuevos empleos y un aumento del PIB de hasta 800 mil millones de euros para 2020.

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