Francouzský lék na prokletí zdrojů

NEW YORK – Kampaň za zajištění, aby firmy provozující těžební činnost zveřejňovaly všechny své platby v hostitelských zemích, nabírá dynamiku – a Francie stojí v čele tohoto úsilí. Prezidentu Nicolasi Sarkozymu je třeba zatleskat za to, že podporuje novou iniciativu prosazující standardy průhlednosti pro společnosti těžící ropu, zemní plyn a provozující důlní činnost, které jsou kotovány na evropských akciových burzách.

Francie, která leží v srdci Evropské unie a letos předsedá skupinám G-8 i G-20, je výjimečně uzpůsobená k tomu, aby mohla takové regulační opatření podněcovat. Rok 2011 nabízí pod francouzským vedením jedinečnou příležitost, aby nejvýznamnější kapitálové trhy přijaly jasná a přesná pravidla, která budou vyžadovat plné odhalení finančních transakcí těžebních společností směrem k vládním institucím.

Těžba ropy, zemního plynu a důlní činnost přinášejí vládám a firmám miliardy dolarů ročně. Navíc tyto sektory často hrají stěžejní roli v hospodářském rozvoji zemí bohatých na zdroje. Přesto většina obyvatel těchto zemí žije navzdory obrovskému přírodnímu bohatství v chudobě.

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