Лучший способ уменьшения ядерной опасности

В 1977 году, когда я работал в Госдепартаменте при президенте Картере, меня направили в Индию с целью отговорить руководство этой страны от разработки ядерной бомбы. Принимающая сторона ответила, что им нельзя отставать от Китая. Я сказал, что Пакистан неизбежно последует за Индией и что мир станет менее безопасным.

Индия обещала, что она не будет экспортировать свою технологию в области вооружений. Насколько нам известно, её руководство своё слово сдержало. Но разоблачения, связанные с сетью тайных поставок ядерного оружия, организованной А. К. Ханом, отцом пакистанской бомбы, подтверждают опасность, которую я предсказывал ещё в те времена. Кое-кто называет сеть Хана попыткой распространения "исламской бомбы", но с учётом того, что в списке получателей, наряду с Ливией и Ираном, присутствовала также и Северная Корея, лучше было бы назвать это оружие бомбой негодяев.

Как показывают события в Пакистане, распространение ядерной технологии не укрепляет стабильность, основанную на взаимном устрашении. Скорее оно увеличивает вероятность незаконной утечки, в результате которой террористические группы могут получить доступ к ядерному оружию. В результате все оказываются в более опасном положении. Любая группа патологических экстремистов может уничтожить Нью-Дели, Токио, Париж или любой другой город по своему выбору.

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