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Ten Lessons from the Return of History

One thing we learned in 2022 is that war between countries, thought by more than a few academics to be obsolete, is anything but. And that is far from the only expectation or assumption about international relations that has not survived 2022.

NEW YORK – Few will miss 2022, a year defined by a lingering pandemic, advancing climate change, galloping inflation, slowing economic growth, and, more than anything else, the outbreak of a costly war in Europe and concerns that violent conflict could soon erupt in Asia. Some of this was anticipated, but much of it was not – and all of it suggests lessons that we ignore at our peril.