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Special Edition Magazine, Fall 2019: Sustainability

让航运可持续

哥本哈根—80%的全球贸易通过海路运输,海运是当今高度一体化的全球经济的生命线。但这一至关重要的行业遇到了一个日益严重的现象的压力,而它本身便是这一现象的主要导致因素。这便是气候变化。

海运特别容易受到糟糕天气条件的影响。仅仅在去年,巴拿马运河——大西洋和太平洋之间的主要贸易通路——遭遇其115年历史上最严重的干旱。过低的水位让一些船只不得不卸掉货物以获得足够的浮力穿越这条水道。

类似地,在去年,德国五个月的旱灾导致欧洲主要内河航路莱茵河水位创出了一个多世纪以来的新低。装载着重要货物的船只无法通航,影响了汽车制造和其他行业的供应链,并导致柴油价格飙升。

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