Die Säuberungen von Pjöngjang

TOKIO – Während des Kalten Krieges bezog sich der Begriff „Kremlologie“ auf den Versuch zu verstehen, was in den höchsten Befehlsrängen der Sowjetunion vor sich ging – oder auch hinter dem gesamten Eisernen Vorhang. „Kremlologen“ beobachteten (auf jede mögliche Art), wer in der innersten sowjetischen Führungsriege oben oder unten war. Große Bedeutung wurde beigemessen, wer ein offizielles Dokument unterzeichnet hatte oder wer bei Militärparaden über dem Grab von Lenin auf dem Roten Platz stand.

Aber all dies war ein Kinderspiel gegenüber den Versuchen, das Regime in Nordkorea zu entschlüsseln, wo die Wahrheit noch viel stärker verschleiert ist.

Betrachten wir die Vorfälle vom 17. Dezember. Choe Ryong-hae, Vizevorsitzender der Zentralen Militärkommission der Koreanischen Arbeiterpartei, war auf mysteriöse Weise beim zweiten Todestag des „geliebten Führers“ Kim Jong-il anwesend – der ersten großen Zeremonie nach dem Sturz und der Hinrichtung von Jang Song-thaek, des ehemaligen Vizevorsitzenden der Nationalen Verteidigungskommission. Choes Vortrag mit seinen Drohungen gegen die Vereinigten Staaten und Südkorea schien den Weg für seinen politischen Aufstieg zu bereiten.

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