Moro Islamic Liberation Front, Yuriko Koike philippine government peace deal Ritchie Tongo/ZumaPress


东京—20世纪60年代,当莫洛伊斯兰解放阵线(Moro Islamic Liberation Front,简称MILF)游击队在菲律宾揭竿而起时,费迪南德·马科斯(Ferdinand Marcos)还没有成为总统,更不用说变成独裁者了。尽管在过去五十年中,菲律宾发生了许多政治变化,但追求邦萨摩洛(Bangsamoro)国家独立的MILF运动一直在继续进行——其领土主张包括苏禄、棉兰老、巴拉望和沙巴诸岛——直到总统阿基诺三世决心改变这一情况。

MILF并没有因为1986年继反对派领袖小贝尼诺·阿基诺(Benigno Aquino, Jr.)遇刺而起的群众推翻马科斯20年独裁统治事件而有所退缩。现已深入民心的民主制度的建立也没有促使MILF领导人反思其方针。MILF仍然保持斩首、刺杀、绑架和无差别屠杀的野蛮政策。

接着,在去年1月,阿基诺三世成功地实现了终结棉兰老岛痛苦局面的里程碑式的协议。这是自第二次世界大战以来亚洲所取得的最令人瞩目的和平协议,其价值绝不亚于前芬兰总统、2008年诺贝尔和平奖获得者马提·阿赫蒂萨里(Marti Ahtissari)在2005年印尼亚齐省和平中的调停作用。事实上,考虑到阿基诺三世在与MILF达成和平协议中所需要面临的安全和政治风险,他更有资格获得诺贝尔奖。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now