Rozvojové cíle pro ženy

NEW YORK – Blíží se rok 2015, kdy vyprší termín pro splnění Rozvojových cílů tisíciletí (MDG) Organizace spojených národů, a vedoucí světoví představitelé budou mít před sebou volbu: posunout tyto cíle o dalších deset či dvacet let dozadu, anebo volat k zodpovědnosti ty, kdo nedokázali své závazky naplnit. Pro ženy je tato volba jasná.

V této situaci jsme byli už dříve. Na Mezinárodní konferenci o primární zdravotní péči v Alma-Atě v roce 1978 podepsali zástupci 134 států deklaraci vyzývající k zajištění odpovídající zdravotní péče pro všechny do roku 2000. O šestnáct let později, v roce 1994 v Káhiře, uznalo 179 světových vlád reprodukční práva za základní lidské právo a přijalo rezoluce zajišťující všeobecný přístup k celému spektru reprodukčních zdravotnických služeb včetně plánování rodičovství.

Tyto lhůty už však byly dávno uplynulé, když během 55. zasedání Valného shromáždění OSN v září 2000 schválili vedoucí představitelé 189 států MDG. A před i po vyhlášení MDG navíc světoví lídři přijali několik dalších závazků a rezolucí.

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