A street vendor serves up a traditional dish of fried tofu and fresh rice in Vietnam Yvan Cohen/LightRocket via Getty Images

天并没有塌下来

维也纳——人类更愿意相信坏消息。媒体渠道反映并迎合这种偏好,为我们带来悲伤和恐惧。缓慢而积极的长期趋势不会出现在头版头条,也不会成为人们茶余饭后的谈资。因此我们发展出特殊的误解,尤其认为绝大多数领域都在出现问题。

2001年我出版充满怀疑的环保主义者时,就曾指出世界在许多方面都取得了进步。我的观点在当时就被视为异端邪说,因为它戳穿了几项被人们普遍接受的错误认知,如认为自然资源正在枯竭、不断增长的人口正在导致粮食短缺,而空气和水污染所造成严重问题正变得越来越严重。

在所有情况下,认真审视数据都会发现夸大了当时流行一时的悲观情绪。例如,尽管缺乏监管正导致鱼类资源陷入枯竭,但多亏水产养殖业的发展,实际我们却可以吃到比以往更多的鱼。担心森林正在消失的忧虑忽视了这样一个现实,那就是越来越富裕的国家增加了森林覆盖率。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To read this article from our archive, please log in or register now. After entering your email, you'll have access to two free articles from our archive every month. For unlimited access to Project Syndicate, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, which describes the personal data we collect and how we use it.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/MC2xY4z/zh;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.